Monday, September 1, 2014

About Me...By the Numbers



First day "about me by the numbers" activity

About me...By the Numbers is a project that uses numbers to show a picture about You.
So, Which numbers have special meaning for you?
The picture above shows an example project from Pinterest.
Directions: 1.  Write your name in the center of the paper.  2.  Brainstorm facts about you that involve numbers.  For example my dad had 16 siblings, my birthday is 6/27, and I my baby daughter weighed 6 pounds 11 ounces when she was born.  3. Write 5 or more numbers about yourself in the area outside your name.  4. Decorate and add a short description about the meaning of the numbers.

Numbers important to me....
 Fractions:  Birth date, favorite holiday, # of ____ in family / total family members.
Large Numbers: distance from my house to a relative's house, number of days until Christmas Break, height in centimeters
Decimals: cost of favorite candy  $0.25, distance of a 5 kilometer race= 3.1 miles, weight of a baby 7.2 pounds


Monday, July 14, 2014

Keeping a Writer's Notebook

"As a writer, words are your paint. Use all the colors.” ~Rhys Alexander. 

 Being a writer is very much like being an artist.  I wanted to share my seed story starters, summer math problems, and resonating writing ideas.  I look forward to crafting new stories, solving math problems, and sharing things I've learned.    

Summer moments make for great seeds for a Notebook of ideas.

  • "After a hot evening on the field, a team that is down by one run comes up to bat"
  • "A girl sings to the movie as her favorite song begins to play"
  • "The alarm sounds at 5:30am, as my feet hit the floor I prepare for the big day"

Here are some great examples of writing notebook ideas from an inspiring writer/teacher on Jordan's blog page: Writing Notebook Ideas 

Math problems are very rewarding after figuring out the solutions and then telling how you found the answer.

  • Summer programs include instrumental music, art, and dance.  Out of 40 students, 15% chose art. How many students are signed up for art? how many signed up for music or dance?
  • A bedroom is 8 feet tall, 12 feet wide, and 9 feet long.  How many square feet of paint are needed to paint the 4 walls and ceiling?
Ready for more?  Try 16 fun math problems from a website called, Analyze Math: Math Word Problems

Summer Writing Ideas to Begin With...
  1. Types of writing to try:  Compare and Contrast two of your favorite comics, books, or magazines.
  2. Write a story about one of the characters from a book you are reading. 
  3. A story about a loved one and how they have made a difference in your life. 
  4. Which type of (phone) do you prefer; (iPhone or Android)?
  5. Research and then explain about a (country) that you have always wanted to know more about. 
Always love to hear YOUR comments:) 


Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Summer Math Fun

Where can you find math in your life?  What ways do you like to do math?   Summer math activities are fun and will definitely sharpen your mind.  Which of the ideas below work best for you?   You probably have already tried many of these, so feel free to leave comments about math activities you enjoy.

Playing Card or Dice Games  

Multiplication- Each player draws two cards and multiplies the numbers.  The player with the higher product wins.  Challenge: Use 2 digit numbers or decimals by drawing four cards instead of two.


Fractions- Each player draws four cards and arrange in any order.  Add the fractions, the player with the greater sum wins.  Challenge: Use mixed numbers by drawing six cards instead of four.


Art Projects

Draw a scene that has hidden geometric shapes.  Use both basic shapes and more complex shapes in the drawing. Challenge:  Create a fractal design

Computer Games

Play math games that others created or try your hand at coding and make your own game.  Some games allow you to compete against others, whereas others let you try to simply master the game itself. 

Thursday, May 1, 2014

Ratio Projects

Darlene and Jackie decide to share the profits from the latest business venture 5:3.  If Jackie receives $210.00 how much money can Darlene expect?

At the spring festival there are 22 attractions that are split between food and entertainment.  Out of these attractions 6 are food stations.  What percent of the attractions have food?  


Lucy spent 54 Euros on a new pair of gym shoes including tax.  If tax was 10 percent, what was the cost of Lucy's shoes before tax?  

Answers:  
1. $350 dollars for Darlene.  210*5=1050  
1050/3 = 350
2.  27% were food stations  6/22= .272
.273*100 = 27.3%  
3. 49 Euros before tax.   54=1.10x    54/1.10= 49.09

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Graphing Equations and Inequalities. Which do you prefer?

What types of graphs do you like to create? One of my favorite parts of Math is graphing and finding patterns in problems.  Graphs and Charts are found in many parts of our every day life.  

Pie graphs and bar graphs that are used to compare things like people's opinions for example.  Line Graphs and scatter plots are a type of graph that shows the relationship between two quantities or show can show changes over time.  The pattern on a line graph shows an increase (line goes upward) or a decrease (line goes downward).  

How do I graph an equation?

1. Equations such as y = 2x + 3 can be graphed by making a table of values for both x and y variables.

X
Y
-1
1
0
3
1
5
2
7

Steps to make a table of ordered pairs

a. Choose values for x that include both positive and negative numbers.
b. Substitute the value for x into the equation.
c. Use order of operations to solve the equation and find a value for y.
     Example   x = -1   y = 2x  + 3
                                  y = 2(-1) + 3   Substitute -1 for x
                                  y = -2 + 3       Then multiply 1 * -2
                                  y = 1               Add -2 + 3
2.  Use a coordinate grid to plot the ordered pairs in the table.
Example:  Ordered pairs:  (-1,1), (0,3), (1,5), and (2, 7)

The solid green line shows the pattern of the equation.  It is increasing or going upwards.
Y- Intercept-  The point where the line crosses the                   y-axis.  The green line crosses at (0,3)
Slope-  The slope of the line is how steep the line rises in the graph.  Find the slope in the equation:
Y=2x + 3.  The number that is multiplied by x is the slope. The slope of the green line is 2.





How do I graph an Inequality?

Inequalities have an inequality symbol like <, >, ,≥, or  instead of an equal (=) sign.
1. Inequalities like y ≤  2x +3 are graphed by making a table of values, the same as we did when there was an equal sign.
2.  The points are plotted on a coordinate plane in the same way that the equation y = 2x +3 was done.
3.  Here's the difference, the line that you draw to show the pattern of the points will be solid since the it is   (less than or equal to), and you will color in underneath the line to show all the possible solutions to the inequality y ≤  2x +3.

The purple shaded area shows all the possible solutions of  y ≤  2x +3
The solid blue line shows that the inequality sign is ≤ less than or equal to.  The line is solid since the solution set also includes all the ordered pairs in the equation y = 2x + 3
The slope and y-intercept are the same as the y = 2x + 3 graph.




When the inequality is greater than, the purple shading will be above the line like the image below.

The equation for the image below would be y > 2/3x - 2.  The blue line is dotted because the
    (greater than) symbol does not have a line underneath it.  It is only greater than and not equal to.

The dotted blue line shows that the inequality does not include the solution set y = 2/3x - 2.
The slope is 2/3 because the equation the graph shows that the line is going upwards; the rise is 2 and the run is 3.
Slope is rise ÷ run
The y-intercept is -2 because the blue line crosses the y-axis at -2.








How do I use a graphing calculator to Graph equations or inequalities?  Which of the graphing calculators do you like best?

1.  Go to a free graphing calculator website like Desmos, Meta-Calculator, or NCES Create A Graph.

2.  Write the equation or inequality into the website.  Then, click the "Graph" option.

3.   Many websites allow you to print the graph, or even save it as a picture.

To sum it up, graphing equations and inequalities on computers can be an efficient way to create your graph.  The graphs can then be used to compare data and help you think about the information in new ways.  


Here some equations to graph.  What do you notice about the graphs?  Do the pairs of equations have any common solutions? 
First pair of equations
y= 5x 
y=2x + 3

Second pair of equations
y=3x + 4
y=3x - 2

Inequalities
y > 2x + 3

y > x^2

Friday, March 21, 2014

Tri-Fold Booklet


Scoring Rubric:
Math explanation-  Uses accurate math terminology, steps of what was done to solve the problem, explains why each step was done, completely explains how I found my answer.
Strategy- Includes pictures, lists, charts, or symbols to shows solution for the problem.  Shows how the parts of solving the problem relate to each other, shows more than one approach to solving the problem.
Accuracy-  Clear math thinking and accurate calculations, math concepts are well developed, labels are used accurately.

Foldable steps: 
1. Fold an 8 1/2 by 11 piece of paper in half the long way
2. Hold the long way and fold it in thirds by making two folds 3 3/4 inches from the sides
3. Cut down the two folds to fold in the center of the paper.
4. Fold the three flaps down
5. Fold the two side flaps on to the center panel.




Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Valentine's Day Project

What is your favorite type of candy for Valentine's Day?
Candy comes in many different packages, and often has a variety of kinds.   For example, a typical box of chocolates has fruit, cream, and nut fillings.  The different types of chocolate can be quantified using these categories.

Type    Quantity    Fraction
Fruit     6                6/22

Cream   4              4/22

Nuts   12               12/22

Total      22            22/22


Each of type can be described as a part of the whole box.  In the chart above the amount of candies that have either fruit or cream filling would be 10/22 or 5/11 of the chocolates.

If a candy company decided that it wanted to increase the amount of fruit and creams so it was 8/11 to satisfy its customers what would be the number of nuts filled candies in the box?




Thursday, January 30, 2014

Poster Problems

A rectangular field is 30 feet long and 20 feet wide.
There are 4 evenly sized sections to the field, what is the area of each section?
What are other possible ways the field could be divided into evenly sized sections?

A Super Bowl drawing has prime numbers as winners. What is the probability of a getting a prime number if the numbers included are 2-29?  Would the probability be greater or less if it was numbers 2-10?



Wednesday, December 11, 2013

World's Fair Math Explanation Example

Surface Area and Volume of a Building

The Harold Washington Library is in the shape of a rectangular prism for the main building.  I want to find the surface area and volume of the building.  The surface area of is the total area of all the faces.  Surface area is measured in square units (cm²) because like area it is the amount of material that covers a flat surface and can be put into square units of measure.  The other measurement that I want to show is the volume which is the space inside the figure.  Volume is measured in cubic units (cm³) because it is measuring the units inside of a 3 dimensional figure. 

The HWL is approximately 50 feet long, 25 feet wide and 30 feet tall.

Surface area = Sum of all 6 of the rectangular faces 

SA= 2 (lxw) + 2 (lxh) +2 (wxh)
SA= 2 (50x25) + 2 (50x30) + 2(25x30)
SA = 2 (1,250) + 2 (1500) + 2 (750)
SA = 2,500 + 3000 + 1500
SA = 5,500 + 1500
Surface Area = 7,000 square feet  

I found the surface area of the rectangular prism by measuring the area of the 6 faces of the prism.  I knew there were 6 faces from the net drawing of a rectangular prism.  First I knew the building was 50 ft. length, 25 ft. width, and 30 ft. height and put them into the equation.  SA= 2 (lxw) + 2(lxh) + 2(wxh). I multiplied inside parentheses first.  For example, 50x25=1,250. Then I knew that the 2 on the outside meant to multiply since there was a number next to a parentheses.   So I multiplied 2 times 1,250 to get 2,500 using mental math. I multiplied by two because I knew the top and the bottom of the prism were the same size. The front and back sides were each 750 square feet, or 25 times 30, and the top and bottom were each 1,250 which was found by multiplying 50 by 25.  Then I doubled the front to find the total area of the front and back sides since they were both 25 by 30. 1500 times 2 equaled 3,000.  The combined surface area was found by adding all these areas together 2,500 + 3,000 + 1,500 was 7,000 square feet.  I checked my answer using a calculator and found the surface area of the rectangular prism would be 7,000 square feet.

Volume of a rectangular prism= Length x Width x Height

Volume = 50 x 25 x 30 =  37,500 cubic feet


The volume of the figure was found by using an equation.  I knew that the base of the figure was 50 by 25 feet.   So, I multiplied 50 times 25 to get 1,250 square feet.  The height of the rectangular prism was 30 feet, so I multiplied the base times the height to find out how much volume spans up the height of the prism.  I found that 1,250 times 30 was 37,500 cubic feet.  The volume of the rectangular prism is 37,500 cubic feet.  

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Reading Projects

Create a culminating project about the novel that you have read.  In your project write about the themes and main topics that were addressed.  Include the vocabulary terms that you learned, character analysis, and conflict/resolutions.
Format: PowerPoint Presentation, Poster Board, or Book Blog.
Grouping Preference: Group vs. Individual Projects
Due Date: December 10th

  • Group Projects or Individual Projects:  Group projects should include multiple aspects of the book, the projects should describe more chapters, or aspects of the book (tone of the book, questions/answers, polls, and other features that you learned from your book)  
  • Individual projects should be focused on a central theme or topic of the book.  The individual project can include some information about a favorite chapter or specific aspect of the book.  (tone, questions/answers, polls and other features)